Category: 

Should a Child With Learning Disabilities Attend Public or Private School?

Public schools are required to provide support services to children with learning disabilities.
Some private schools cater specifically to children with learning disabilities.
An elementary student with a learning disability might be taken away from classmates for additional instruction.
Article Details
  • Written By: Tricia Ellis-Christensen
  • Edited By: O. Wallace
  • Last Modified Date: 14 August 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2014
    Conjecture Corporation
  • Print this Article
Free Widgets for your Site/Blog
A chameleon’s tongue is 1.5 times the length of its body.  more...

September 1 ,  1939 :  The Nazis invaded Poland, starting World War II.  more...

When parents have children with Learning Disabilities (LDs) they may face the question, given the ability to afford it, as to whether a public or private school provides the best learning environment for their children. This is very much an individual call, and may be based on ability to afford a private school as much as it is based on weighing the merits of the schools in your area. For parents with limitless income, there are some schools that specifically cater to children with learning disabilities, like ADHD and autism spectrum disorder. Some find these schools easier for their children, because most or all students attending them share common learning issues, and there is less opportunity for social ostracization under these circumstances.

When private schools do not specifically work with children with learning disabilities, they can either be fantastic options, or not so good ones. One of the disadvantages of private schools is they are not required by law to provide support services to these students. In order to get these services, parents must usually petition their own school district, and it may be more work to coordinate the flow of information between two schools, than it is to simply work with a single school that must provide LD support.

Ad

Private schools, though again this is highly dependent, may also not have departments or support services that can quickly identify the child with learning disabilities. When LDs aren’t identified early, this can mean that poor performance in class is blamed on the child who may be called lazy, unwilling, and problematic. In defense of private schools, many offer skilled teachers who are very good at identifying children with potential LDs and recommend that the parents explore this through the child’s home school district. Even if a child attends private school, public schools in great part, investigate and respond to requests to test for learning disabilities. These tests may take some time to get, and furthermore, they can possibly require greater time spent in a school for a child who doesn’t want to be there to begin with.

There are some who believe that private schools are inherently better than public schools in providing education and producing superior achievement and higher test scores. A comprehensive US national study in 2005 suggests this is not the case, and that private and public schools have essentially the same achievement rates, especially when students of similar socioeconomic status and parental education levels are compared. So the argument that a child will learn more or achieve more at a private school may only be true in so far as an individual private school compares to an individual public school.

On the other hand, some people have problems with the way a public school administers its programs to assist children with learning disabilities. In grade school, instead of learning with their class, students may be pulled out of class for additional instruction or support, and by doing so they miss instruction that they then must make up. In middle and high school, students who can manage most mainstream classes may take a directed studies course, which pretty much prohibits them from pursuing any elective courses until their junior year in high school. Some schools attempt to compensate for this by offering students zero period PE, but not all students with LDs are anxious to take yet more classes at school and to be there for longer time periods.

Some parents have very good reasons for putting a child with learning disabilities in a private school. The school may have an excellent department that helps these children learn in the manner best fitted to them, or it may have a philosophy that seems particularly tailored to a child with certain learning patterns. The advantage in many private schools of students progressing at their own pace, a trend being discarded in many US public schools, can be appealing.

Important things to consider when evaluating private and public schools are how well their philosophies mesh with yours, and the degree to which you think your child benefits from these philosophies. Another thing to look at is your child’s wishes. Children may be loath to leave a public school if they feel socially comfortable there, or they may be more anxious to leave if they have felt socially uncomfortable in that environment. Use summertime months, or quick visits after school to investigate schools with your child. Since many LDs aren’t identified until children are in the third or fourth grade, giving a child some input may help them become more participatory in the learning process.

Ad

More from Wisegeek

You might also Like

Discuss this Article

anon359646
Post 6

Definitely private. Schools like The Kildonan School specialize in teaching students with learning disorders. Public schools just don't have the same focus on the students needs as private schools do.

anon224413
Post 5

Private! Public schools claim to have programs that comply with a federal law. They do comply, but bottom line is that the teachers are not required to take courses in special ed. Many of them just don't care. It is more work for them with the same pay. That has been my experience in Texas. My daughter started a private school for kids with learning disabilities, and I can tell that the difference is from heaven to earth.

sunshine31
Post 4

SurfNturf- Programs like Kumon really help these children because Kumon teaches children to focus because each assignment is timed and they have to have mastered the concepts on the worksheet before they move on to the next level.

The time concept really helps because it forces a student to focus. Usually the student starts with such an easy level that focusing is not difficult. Since Kumon offers worksheets that need to be done daily, children really develop excellent study and work habits.

This confidence helps them deal with their attention deficit issues and allow the child to experience some wins.

After a child moves up a level they receive a certificate of achievement. This is why Kumon starts at an easy level so the child starts to gain confidence early and will be motivated to continue. Also Kumon works at the student’s individual level. This is why children with learning disabilities with reading do well with Kumon.

surfNturf
Post 3

Comfyshoes-I know a challenging learning disability is ADHD. This causes children problem with focus in school which does not allow them the opportunity to finish their work in school, nor master the necessary information needed to obtain basic proficiency.

These students are viewed as lazy, but in reality many are very intelligent they just do not process information the same way.

They usually need to keep lists so that they don’t forget things because they are often forgetful. In addition, keeping a routine is very beneficial.

There is a nonprofit group called CHADD that has chapters across the United States that is a support group for parents that have children that have ADHD.

A lot of times these children have difficulty with social relationships as well as difficulty in school. These are difficult things for parents to experience because they want their children to be happy with friends and do well in school. It helps parents to understand that they are not alone.

comfyshoes
Post 2

Moldoava-Sometimes children with learning disabilities are actually included in a traditional classroom so that they could benefit from socialization.

The child would be given different work than the rest of the class, but they would join the class for the other special classes such as Art, Music, Physical education, and recess.

The thinking behind this strategy is that the child would be not be labeled and not feel any social stigma.

If you can afford a private school that specializes in children with different types of learning disabilities, then it is worth the investment. Sometimes children attend these schools for a brief amount of time and then they go on to attend mainstream classrooms with no problems.

These schools are equipped to teach children with specific learning disabilities and have all sorts of learning disabilities services.

Moldova
Post 1

The private schools are usually not equipped to perform learning disabilities assessments. Many times they can give the parent the suggestion that they should have their child privately tested for various types of learning disabilities.

In the public school system, they are required to provide learning disabilities resources for children including testing and various learning disabilities strategies.

Some schools offer complete exclusion in which the child is placed in a special classroom and with a special education teacher.

This will allow the teacher an opportunity to create a special educational plan for the student. Sometimes the learning disabilities involve the processing of letters and sounds. For example, learning disabilities like dyslexia occur when a child transposes words and essentially reads backward.

Post your comments

Post Anonymously

Login

username
password
forgot password?

Register

username
password
confirm
email