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What Are Reactive Lymphocytes?

The presence of reactive lymphocytes in the body increases with viral illness.
Stress can bring about an increase of reactive lymphocytes in the body.
A diagram showing different types of white blood cells, including lymphocytes.
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  • Written By: Jennifer Long
  • Edited By: Melissa Wiley
  • Last Modified Date: 17 October 2014
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Reactive lymphocytes are a type of lymphocyte that increases in size due to exposure to antigens in the body. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell produced by the immune system, and their presence is often due to a viral-based illness. They can also occur in response to certain medications, immunizations, or changes in hormones.

The immune system produces several kinds of white blood cells. Each type has a specific role in protecting the body against antigens. Natural killer cells, T cells, and B cells all work to help protect the body. When stimulated by antigens, any of these cells can grow up to three times their normal size. This growth deems the cells as reactive.

Viral illnesses are one of the most common causes for an increase in reactive lymphocytes. There are many different types of viruses that can make people sick. When a virus invades, such as hepatitis C or cytomegalovirus, the immune system reacts and sends lymphocytes to prevent the virus from taking over and causing damage. In response to the stimulation, the lymphocytes grow in size, almost like swelling.

There are certain prescription medications that can trigger this increase as well. Medications, such as some anti-epileptic prescriptions, are known to cause the body to produce more lymphocytes and stimulate abnormal growth. Although the trigger can be different for each individual person, the body sees the molecules within the medications as an invading antigen.

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Similar to a reaction from certain prescription medications, reactive lymphocytes can also be caused by immunizations. Most immunizations are created using inactive versions of the viruses they are supposed to be teaching the body to become immune to. If the body is exposed following an immunization, the immune system automatically begins its seek-and-destroy mission with minimal symptom presentation. Some people have an abnormal reaction to the immunizations, and lymphocytes grow instead of working to defend the body.

Hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur with Addison’s disease and excessive stress, can also lead to an increase in this type of reaction. Changes in hormone levels can cause many different chemical reactions as the body tries to adjust to large increases or decreases of certain hormones. The immune system can sometimes confuse bodily reactions as an antigen invasion, which in turn causes stimulation of lymphocytes.

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Perdido
Post 4

The doctor said that I had a high level of reactive lymphocytes after he tested me for mono. My armpits were swollen because of them.

Mono is awful! I stayed sick with a sore throat for nearly a month, and I couldn't go to school during this time.

kylee07drg
Post 3

When I had strep throat, the doctor felt of my lymph nodes to see if they were swollen. He also did a swab test, but he did say that swelling of the lymph nodes was a good indicator of strep throat.

He felt of them first, and since they were enlarged, he went through with the other test. I believe that if they had been of normal size, he might have just diagnosed me with a cold and sent me on my way.

However, I knew that something was very wrong with me. I had a high fever, and my throat was so swollen that I could barely even swallow saliva.

My lymphocytes were working overtime, but they needed help. I got both antibiotics and steroids, and these boosted my immune system and sent me on my way to a speedy recovery.

feasting
Post 2

@wavy58 – I believe that it correct. These lymphocytes kick it into high gear whenever we get sick, and though the area feels sore and tender to the touch, it is actually beneficial to us that it is swollen. This just means that there are plenty of reactive lymphocytes there, ready to go to battle.

wavy58
Post 1

Are these what cause the area under my neck to swell whenever I have an infection? I knew that it had something to do with white blood cells trying to fight off the infection.

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