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What Is a High-Pressure System?

High-pressure climates are associated with deserts.
Many desert areas are associated with persistent high-pressure climates.
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  • Written By: A Kaminsky
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 08 October 2014
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The weather on planet Earth changes constantly. One reason is because the winds are always shifting, rising, falling and creating areas of various pressure in the atmosphere. A high-pressure system is one of these results of the shifting winds. This type of system means the pressure inside the system is higher than that of the surrounding areas.

High-pressure systems are usually associated with fair weather. This is because as the air sinks, it warms and is able to hold more water vapor. Thus, in these systems, clouds tend to evaporate and the air stabilizes. Storms have a hard time forming in stable air.

The humidity is usually lower in or near a high-pressure system, also contributing to fair weather. Many desert areas of the world are associated with a persistent high-pressure climates. The drier air helps create the desert environment.

Although most people like the weather that comes with this type of system, it isn't all good. Heat waves and drought conditions come about because of several high-pressure systems moving through an area, or because of a prolonged system that will not move out of an area. In fact, meteorologists hypothesize that the Dust Bowl of 1930s America, with its droughts and heat, was caused by a persistent high-pressure system trend across the Midwest and through Arkansas and Oklahoma.

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Sometimes, a particular area will become associated with a high-pressure system. In the summer, those living in the Southeastern U.S. are familiar with the Bermuda High phenomenon. This is a system that tends to be long-lived, contributing to the summer heat. The clockwise windflow around a high-pressure system also ensures the moisture coming from the Gulf of Mexico moves across the area, creating the high humidity for which the area is infamous.

This type of system can also cool the weather. Those in the United States are also familiar with the winter Siberian Express and Alberta Clipper systems that bring in Arctic or Canadian cool air and cause cold snaps.

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Discuss this Article

anon304635
Post 11

Can you write some features about how it feels, looks or even smells like?

anon125285
Post 7

Nice website, but what are low-pressure systems?

Pimiento
Post 6

empanadas - Generally, that kind of thing happens because there is a clash between the temperature of the waters in the Gulf of Mexico and the high or low pressure system that's sweeping across the South. Hurricane season in Texas begins in the summer time from my understanding, which makes sense because that's when the water in the Gulf is at its warmest.

empanadas
Post 5

@abiane - Aside from what gameaddicted just mentioned, hurricanes are literally bullied by high-pressure systems. Most of the time a high-pressure system has the ability to control and maneuver a hurricane this way or that. That's why you commonly see hurricanes and tropical storms that might -look- like they are heading for Texas, but end up in Mississippi or Louisiana instead.

gameaddicted
Post 4

@abiane - High-pressure systems work in conjunction with low-pressure systems to steer and create hurricanes. For many of us, this isn't a problem, however I live in the South and tend to follow the happenings of hurricanes rather closely and am familiar with the term "cone of uncertainty." Hurricanes are formed in low-pressure and generally read somewhere around 28 on a barometer.

abiane
Post 3

I always hear about how high and low pressure systems effect hurricanes and tropical storms. How do high and low pressure systems effect hurricanes and tropical storms? Does a hurricane form off of a high or low pressure system?

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