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What is a Mystic?

Sufi mystics dance themselves into an ecstatic state.
Legends concerning the god Demeter were at the heart of the Eleusinian Mysteries.
Mystical symbols like the ankh are often used in esoteric documents, including astrological charts.
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  • Written By: Brendan McGuigan
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 28 March 2014
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A mystic is essentially a person who pursues a truth or understanding beyond those normally associated with the human experience. He or she may or may not be initiated into any number of spiritual or religious mysteries, and may or may not have achieved the insight they are pursuing. What links all such people together is the belief in, and pursuit of, a transcendent truth that surpasses exclusively rational understanding or knowing.

In the popular conception, a mystic is often a person who embraces esoteric practices, or studies magic or the occult. Although people who do these things may identify as such, not all are involved in such practices. Mysticism has a surprising number of faces, and trying to define it beyond a pursuit of transcendent truth becomes difficult. There are, however, some major strains of mysticism which have common traits.

Nearly all religious traditions have their own strains of mysticism. In many monotheistic and some polytheistic faiths, this person is usually concerned with finding a direct connection to God Himself, often through meditation or prayer. In Christianity, mystics often refer to this state as Union or Oneness with God. In Islam, this state is called Irfan, which literally translated means knowing. In Jainism, a state called Moksha parallels this unity, referring to an ascendance to a spiritual state in which all reality is seen to be illusion.

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Within many mainstream religions there are varying degrees of mysticism. There are also often separate groups, which may or may not be viewed as heretical by the mainstream religious establishment. Within Islam, for example, the Sufi tradition is a mystic tradition that espouses a Divine unity and rejects the dualistic conception of Self and God as distinct. Within Christianity, Gnosticism is viewed by many as a heretical offshoot and predecessor to mainstream Christian churches.

Many modern mystic paths are heavily influenced by ancient Greek rites, most notably the Eleusinian Mysteries, dating from around the 15th century BCE. The Eleusinian Mysteries focused on a myth cycle involving Demeter and Persephone, invoking the concept of death, and the resurrection that can come by triumphing over death. They remained intact for nearly two millennia, and over that time laid much of the groundwork for myth cycles other faiths would adopt.

Many of these faiths, particularly those outside of the monotheistic tradition, make heavy use of myths and symbolism to convey their deeper meaning. Fundamentally, the knowledge sought cannot be communicated with logic or words, and so cannot be transmitted in the same way traditional religion can be passed on. Instead, certain rites or symbols are used to help open an initiate’s consciousness to a new level, acting as a catalyst for his or her own mystical awakening, rather than directly transmitting information.

From the 17th century on, various fraternal organizations incorporating mystic elements began to become popular throughout Europe. The Rosicrucian Order and the Freemasons are perhaps the best known of these groups, and they continue to enjoy widespread popularity to this day. Beginning in the 19th century, there was a resurgence in mysticism in the west. These paths often used occult elements, such as communication with spirits, as part of their practice. The Theosophist movement is perhaps the most well-known of these more modern mystic paths. The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was another such movement around this time, which went on to influence many more modern faiths, most notably Wicca.

As well as symbols, myth structures, meditation, and prayer, some of these traditions make use of various psychedelic drugs, or entheogens. These drugs are thought to break down the barriers in the mind that block off a deeper knowing, allowing the initiate to attain a deeper understanding of the nature of the universe, which can then be integrated into his or her life.

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Discuss this Article

anon269875
Post 3

I am a mystic and have been since I was three years old. I believe we choose this learning experience in this lifetime to make up for ignorance in other lifetimes. I am a researcher of the roots of all religions; that started at nine years old. Now at 52, I know who we are. We are gods of the universe, not God, but gods, and we choose to be here, because it is a challenge to awaken and practice love for all and everything.

I also believe we need to help awaken mankind's knowledge of how to manipulate the matrix. Think of child psychology or the myth of the God of Saturn, which Jews and Christians base their faith from.

GrumpyGuppy
Post 2

@GardenTurtle: Wicca is a religion that is based on a mystical foundation and spiritual path. Wiccans believe that mysticism pursues the Divine. Wicca is similar to most religions, seeking a personal relationship with the Divine.

Spending time in nature is the most important part of the Wiccan religion. The best way to understand Wicca is learning everything you can about nature. One of the most important aspects is the moon’s phases, because it is considered the center of all activities.

Mysticism is about trying to seek spiritual truth through a direct experience from God. Mysticism centers on a practice or practices to nurture those experiences or awareness. Some consider mysticism dualistic by maintaining a distinction of the self and the divine.

GardenTurtle
Post 1

How is Wicca connected to mysticism?

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