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What is Juvenile Delinquency?

A juvenile or family court must usually decide how to deal with a minor who commits a crime.
Juvenile court judges may find alternative means of rehabilitating a child.
Article Details
  • Written By: Tricia Ellis-Christensen
  • Edited By: O. Wallace
  • Last Modified Date: 22 August 2014
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Juvenile delinquency is the broad-based term given to juveniles who commit crimes. Juveniles are defined as those people who haven’t reached adulthood or the age of majority. What defines adulthood or the age of majority in a court system may be predetermined by law, especially for minor crimes. Major crimes may force the courts to decide to try a juvenile as an adult, a very important distinction, since sentencing can then mean not just spending adolescence, but a lifetime in prison. Delinquency can be defined as the committing of those things considered crimes by the state, although delinquent can also mean abandoned. Thus juvenile delinquency can cover anything from small crime — a student who cuts school repeatedly is delinquent--to very serious crimes like felony theft and murder.

When a child, anyone under the age of majority, commits a crime, most frequently they are tried and sentenced through a court system separate from that which tries adults. There are also confinement centers, in other words, prisons, specifically designed for children who commit serious crimes. These are often called juvenile detention centers.

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It is often within the court’s province in juvenile or family court to determine the degree of risk the juvenile poses to society and the degree of benefit incurred by incarceration. Juvenile court judges may have greater license especially with very young children, to find alternative means of rehabilitating a child and preventing future delinquency. They may recommend court appointed therapy, house arrest, or a variety of measures short of incarceration. In many cases, records of children who commit crimes are expunged when a child reaches eighteen, especially if no other crimes have been committed.

This has advantages and disadvantages. A juvenile who has committed very serious crimes may continue a pattern of criminal behavior of which an adult court is unaware, changing the nature of sentencing in adult court. For others, having been successfully rehabilitated means that they won’t be discriminated against based on a previous arrest, sentencing, or incarceration record.

There are many schools of thought as to the primary factors that contribute to juvenile delinquency. Many of these are tied to nature/nurture arguments. It is certainly the case that children who are neglected, abused or impoverished are statistically more likely to fall into delinquency patterns. Though this may be statistically relevant, it fails to account for the delinquency of those who have good and loving parents, and suitable living circumstances. More frequently, geneticists are refuting the idea that children are a tabula rasa, or blank slate.

Genetic makeup may play a factor in delinquency, but it may only establish a predilection toward behavior, while nurturance or lack thereof may create circumstances necessary to cause the behavior. Furthermore, knowledge of early onset mental illness helps determine suitable rehabilitative efforts for juvenile delinquents. Consideration can be given to a juvenile’s reasonable ability to control his/her own behavior, based on factors like mental illness, drug use, and upbringing. Key to determining the best rehabilitation in juvenile delinquency trials is the attempt to understand why a child was delinquent, and what circumstances contributed to this delinquency.

In many societies, another way to attack the problem of juvenile delinquency is by creating programs that help prevent children from committing crimes. These programs may focus on avoiding drug use or gang involvement, or may focus on early education, therapeutic help for families, help to the impoverished or a variety of other things. With unclear answers on a single cause for juvenile delinquency, these programs may have some success, but probably won’t reach all children who might commit a crime. Society is sometimes horrified by the seemingly random acts of relatively “normal” children that are so heinous they do not bear repeating. Though delinquency prevention is admirable, it isn’t universally successful. Yet preventing some delinquency through intervention and education is better than allowing it to occur.

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Discuss this Article

anon342000
Post 35

What are the advantages to having a psychologist and sociologist involved in juvenile detention centers? What programs and/or treatments are utilized in these facilities? What sort of continuing services are provided once released from the center and how are these coordinated? Do these initial and continuing programs/treatments conclude a recovery?

nextcorrea
Post 33

I went to a juvenile detention center twice when I was in my teens. I ran with a rough crowd and made some very bad decisions. But I am now 35, own my own business, and have never been in any trouble with the law since I was last in lock up. It just goes to show that a shaky start does not condemn you to a life of crime. You can rise above the mistakes you make when you're young.

tigers88
Post 32

Juvenile delinquency, like most crime, is the result of many, many different factors. There is the tendency sometimes to think of it in reductive terms. But children are just as complicated as adults and the causes of delinquency are just as varied.

I mention this only to remind all of us to resist the urge to endorse simple solutions or to pick convenient sources to blame. If we are going to reduce the instance of juvenile delinquency we have to treat it with all the seriousness that the problem deserves.

anon296483
Post 31

I am 15 and I have committed juvenile delinquency and now I regret it a lot because I also let my parents down. But now I wonder to myself why I did this because I regret this so, so much. Sometimes when I think about it, it makes me cry. Now I have to face all kinds of punishments from my parents because of the things I have done.

anon263109
Post 29

I'm 14 and I have done a juvenile thing and I got a caution but I feel like I let my parents down. I don't know what to do. I think about it all the time and I feel really bad about it. I wish I'd never done it. I'd never committed an offence before and I feel so bad. My parents are not the same now to me. I don't know why I did it. My parents were so good to me and I let them down.

anon130124
Post 25

What are the possible things that can be done to prevent juvenile delinquency?

anon124460
Post 24

I do believe that holding juveniles is right because I'm 13 myself, but some punishments are just not right, because where still kids and we need to learn from our mistakes. But if what we did was bad, then we deserve it and you know it.

anon109328
Post 23

To what extent does nature contribute to crime?

anon108295
Post 22

what is the reason why the juveniles are delinquent?

anon89940
Post 21

Who wrote the definition of juvenile delinquency at the beginning? i need a source citation

Moderator's reply: Tricia Ellis-Christensen is the author of this article.

anon76039
Post 18

who wrote this article? i need a source citation,

Moderator's reply: The author is Tricia Ellis-Christensen and her name can be found at the bottom of the article. Thank you for visiting wiseGEEK!

anon72446
Post 14

what are the effects of juvenile delinquency in the society?

anon66910
Post 13

ill admit i have done juvenile things in my life. im 14 and my parents are divorced. i really don't want to take my anger out on the 3 younger brothers so i do not so smart things with my friends. what should i do?

anon55687
Post 12

1. It leads to moral decadency, washing away of children's rights, chronic offenders and death.

2.they commit misdemeanors and felonies, commit them in groups, some are forced by substance abuse and the causes are broken homes, irresponsible schools, criminal parents, conflict in homes, drug abuse and irresponsible parents.

anon54818
Post 11

what are the effects of juvenile delinquency on the path of national development?

anon39752
Post 4

What is the nature and causes of juvenile deliquency?

anon39232
Post 3

causes of juvenile delinquency?

ilovejonstewart
Post 2

well, anon22211, the article references many causes for juvenile delinquency, including: parenting, mental illness, genetic makeup and poverty. because situations differ from person to person, it's hard to determine exactly *what* in a person's life causes them to go down the wrong path.

anon22211
Post 1

explain four causes of juvenile delinquency

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