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What is Viscose?

Rayon is made from viscose.
Cellophane wrappers include viscose.
Viscose can be found in some types of tape.
Viscose bed sheets.
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  • Originally Written By: Malcolm Tatum
  • Revised By: G. Wiesen
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 13 August 2014
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Viscose is a unique form of wood cellulose acetate used in the manufacture of a number of different products. This includes items for the medical industry, though it is perhaps most common as a major ingredient in the production of the fabric rayon. The process of creating this material is fairly complex, beginning with wood pulp that is treated with various chemical baths and procedures. Along with rayon, other products that contain viscose include cellophane and some types of adhesive tape.

How It Is Made

Making viscose begins with wood pulp, and manufacturers often use different sources such as bamboo. The wood cellulose is treated with caustic soda, then allowed to age, before being treated again with caustic soda and carbon disulphide. Manufacturers spin the resulting product through various mechanisms and wash it through water baths and similar methods. It is then extracted out of one or more slits to produce threads or other forms necessary in different applications. Since it begins with wood, it is not a synthetic material.

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Use In Textiles

Rayon is one of the most common and popular uses of viscose, which is used for many types of clothing and other textile products. Such rayon has a silky appearance and feel, yet breathes in a manner similar to cotton weaves. In addition to being an inexpensive material to use in lightweight clothing, manufacturers use rayon for textiles such as tablecloths, furniture slipcovers, and bed sheets. Rayon also tends to drape very well, which makes it ideal for use in simple curtains as well as an ideal fabric to line more formal draperies.

Other Common Uses

Some companies use viscose to make cellophane. The initial manufacturing process for cellophane is similar to rayon, but different end procedures are used to make a stable, mostly clear, lightweight product. Common uses of such cellophane include kitchen wrap and clear sheets used to wrap plants, gift baskets, and other projects. Other companies also use it to make certain types of semi-clear adhesive tape.

Medical Applications

Certain forms of viscose, sometimes referred to as cellulose xanthe, are ideal for the creation of dialysis membranes. Medical equipment manufacturers also make other medical tools using this material. One major benefit of such products is that they are soft and supple to the touch, making them ideal for sensitive medical items.

Advantages

The development of viscose has made it possible for many people to enjoy a wide array of quality textiles in their homes, without paying a lot of money for a luxurious look and feel. These garments often require less cleaning than some other types of cloth. Anyone cleaning this material should follow the manufacturer's instructions on the garment or product label. They can also be quite durable, though this depends a great deal on the manufacturer and how the garment or textile is made.

Disadvantages

While viscose breathes like cotton and has a feel that is pleasing to the touch, there are some drawbacks. One disadvantage to textile products made with rayon is that the items can often wrinkle easily, and many garments made from this material cannot be machine-washed or dried. The process used to make this material can also create a great deal of pollution. While some manufacturers have made considerable efforts to ensure clean production, there may still be companies that create pollution and toxic chemical waste during production.

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Discuss this Article

anon349888
Post 79

I have a blouse I bought on vacation in Hawaii. I wore it only once--it was $98. I took it out the other day to proudly wear again and there were five little holes in it? Why?

anon332680
Post 78

How does it fit? Does it run big or small usually?

anon313180
Post 77

I never sweat or smell, but I have noticed that I can only wear viscose-based tops for a few hours and they smell sweaty and it's not a sports top. I have to return the item to the shop, but how to explain to them the problem. Vicose makes me smell!

anon255459
Post 75

I have a pair of dress pants I bought from Le Chateau that are 63 percent polyester, 34 percent viscose and 3 percent spandex. They are the most comfortable pants I own! The only drawback is that they are dry clean only. I was searching to see whether or not hand washing an option, however there seems to be a mixed opinion out there and I'm not willing to risk ruining them so I will continue with dry cleaning (clean every seven wears or so and alternate with the Dryel home kit and professional cleaning). I would highly recommend a pair of pants with this sort of material.

anon248347
Post 74

For fashion garments, don't use viscose to cut corners for a sheer, draped look. Use a sheer Nylon containing Lycra, not spandex or other crappy alternatives.

Being price focused is smart, although remember to take into play "you get what you pay for," whether that be in a positive or negative way.

anon245009
Post 73

How can we differentiate among viscose, polyester, silk and cotton just by looking and feeling the fabric? Any idea?

anon204810
Post 71

I bought trousers from branded stores worth £39 and wore them once. Then I machine washed them in a normal wash and they came out as a half trouser. I can't wear them and can't do this. I would recommend not to buy this fabric at all.

anon197400
Post 70

My cat likes to eat my viscose placemats - what should I do?

anon196705
Post 69

I hardly ever sweat or smell, but I have noticed that I can only wear viscose-based tops for a few hours and they smell sweaty, even though I am just sitting at a desk. I don't have this problem with any other product.

anon182380
Post 68

viscose doesn't need to be dry cleaned. Cold wash and line dry is ok, but it does shrink a bit so just reshape it after washing. the wrinkle is not that bad, just steam it. Also viscose in T-shirts is gorgeous to the touch but will pill over time and is prone to little holes.

anon165445
Post 67

Viscose is the cheaper alternative to cotton, especially long fiber cotton (a.k.a. Egyptian or Pima cottons) which has a nicer appearance than shorter staple length. Viscose/rayon has a nice drape and is soft, but it shrinks like crazy. If you don't want to hand wash, put it in on gentle with cold water and a mild detergent and then lay flat to dry. It loses strength when wet, so try not to hang when wet or your seams will be droopy. Beware though, your garment could shrink up a couple sizes if you don't dry delicate clothing labeled dry-clean only.

anon157802
Post 66

I have a scarf made of 100 percent Viscose, made in India and it has a strong chemical odor. I hand washed it in cold water and air dried in an effort to remove the chemical odor. However, that did not help.

anon156567
Post 65

I work for a designer label and we use a high quality viscose all the time.

Thus, many of my everyday work wear pieces are made of this fabric, and I have had no problem with them.

As with any delicate fabric, you need to take care of it.

You wouldn't chuck something silk or cashmere in the washing machine and hope for the best, so don't do it with viscose.

Using a delicate detergent and hand washing (or if you have a washing machine with a hand wash - not delicate - setting) and letting the item drip dry in the shade is easy and will ensure it does not fall apart.

Viscose isn't made to be durable, it's made to be a luxurious, beautiful fabric. Thus I would not suggest it for things like upholstery.

Combing viscose with polyester is simply done to make sure it creases less, hence why a lot of suiting combines the two fabrics.

anon147864
Post 64

I just washed a 100 percent viscose scarf in an automatic washing machine and most of the scarf was gone. I should have read the label. Hand wash only, but who hand washes? Can not recommend this fabric.

anon143874
Post 63

I want to buy a raincoat that says 100 percent viscose. Is this material either waterproof or water resistant? If it's not, will it stand up to the weather if it gets wet?

anon141189
Post 62

Viscose is a horrible choice for a rug with any foot traffic. It cannot stand up to any wear and tear. It fades, it loses color during cleaning, and it yellows over time.

If you truly want a strong fiber that "looks like silk" - don't take the short cut in clothing or in rugs - just buy silk instead of this knock-off.

Viscose rugs are considered disposable rugs by cleaning professionals. It's a shame consumers are being told to buy them.

anon129665
Post 61

I am evaluating a cushion for home work (does not have to be a huge paragraph) that is £18 and is 35 percent viscose and 65 percent polyester. is it going to be good quality and will it have shrinking and wearing problems? please answer quickly. thank you.

anon125964
Post 60

we have used fabric for draperies that contain 50% viscose and have experienced shrinking from the heat and sunlight. How can this be avoided?

anon118840
Post 59

Viscose shrinks badly when washed and/or dried, so I won't buy any clothing with labels that say viscose. Modal shrinks just as badly as viscose.

anon116775
Post 58

Is there such a material called Viscose wrinkle free - for making corporate uniforms shirts?

anon111365
Post 57

can viscose be present in spandex or is it only rayon?

anon110713
Post 56

Which material keeps the body warmer? Acrylic or viscose?

anon109828
Post 55

I purchased a scarf made of 100 percent viscose made in China. I broke out in a rash from it. Can I wash or dry clean it to remove the chemical so that I can use the scarf.

anon108242
Post 54

I have a 100 percent viscose skirt that was made in India. I've had it for five years and I wear it frequently. Some of the seams are starting to come apart from all the use, but it's still my favorite article of clothing. It's very comfortable.

anon107031
Post 53

I'm from India. I want to source 95 percent Viscose, 5 percent elasthane fabric from other countries. Can anyone tell me an exporter's address?

-- Ravi, India.

anon103967
Post 51

I purchased 100 percent viscose bamboo bed sheets three years ago and they are simply amazing.

Although I have eight sets of of great Egyptian cotton sheets, I haven't used any of them in three years. I just wash bamboo sheets and put them right back on the bed.

The do not stretch, and if removed from the dryer immediately, they are just perfect.

Never have I had sheets this soft -- like a cloud.

They are expensive, and there is a great bit of difference between the viscose bamboo, and the rayon bamboo.

The rayon bamboo is made with harsh and dangerous chemicals that can cause skin and breathing problems.

anon98231
Post 50

Does Viscose shrink if it gets wet? I want to have a shower curtain made of viscose. Is this wise?

anon97780
Post 49

Viscose is good and durable only when maintained well. Proper wash care methods need to be taken, even while drying the clothes as they stretch insanely. It is also susceptible to termites and silverfish.

anon93474
Post 48

I have a beautiful Egyptian print dress that I bought in Turkey, where it was made, and I love it. It is 100 percent viscose. I purchased this in August 2009. I have washed it, ironed it, worn it and it still looks brand new and feels wonderful. Matter of fact I am getting ready to wear it now.

anon84081
Post 47

I am considering the purchase of a wool/viscose blend rug (8x10) which is considerably pricey for me. The wool is hand-tufted New Zealand but no info on the viscose. (1)Is this a wise purchase, considering it has viscose in it (durable)? (2) Is wool not recommended for the humid weather in the southern U.S.?

anon71824
Post 46

Viscose fibre loses its strength, because, whereas cotton fibre gains strength when it is wet, the reason is crystalline regions in cotton increase.

anon71801
Post 45

Simply said, there is very good viscose and there is cheap viscose. The better ones come from europe, the not so good somewhere else although, for example, india makes the "Modal" quality too (i assume it's under the german Modal license). Confused now? i'll bet you are.

Advantage of viscose: almost like natural silk but half of it's price. disadvantage: in contrast to real silk it most of the time needs ironing after washing. this fabric is used lots in the clothing industry in europe, in the mid and higher end range.

anon71747
Post 43

Viscose can come in a variety of qualities-- it depends on the manufacturer. Thread count has a lot to do with the quality as well and the feel.

If you're looking for great viscose rayon fabrics and clothing check out Rayon Viscose Clothing.

They have an awesome collection of viscose rayon sarongs.

Viscose rayon comes form a variety of sources. The source at the above is the premium no 1 quality rayon viscose from Bali and Java Indonesia. They've been making it for decades and the fabric is very nice and breathable. Especially for the sarongs in the hot weather. They make great dresses too. It's awesome material.

anon70315
Post 42

I own a tuxedo shop and have been renting viscose 65 percent, poly 35 percent tuxedos. I find the material is extremely delicate! It is resistant to wrinkles so long as you do not wash it in a washing machine, you'll be fine! Dry clean viscose only or you will be sorry!

anon69160
Post 41

Don't waste your time or money on any clothing or rug product made with viscose. This unstable fiber is too delicate for use as a textile. Brittle and aqua phobic, the appearance of viscose will look new only a very short time with little chance that cleaning will restore it. Better to stick with natural cottons and wool or well developed polyesters and nylons.

anon66956
Post 40

Viscose wrinkles, and it has a *almost* silk like feeling...If not for the hardness.....It's not quite wool like, but certainly not comfortable.

anon63238
Post 39

I want to buy a dress that is 100 percent viscose. I have never heard of this material before. Can anyone tell me if this would be a comfy dress as I have very sensitive skin? Please let me know soon.

anon54306
Post 37

My wife has a beautiful viscose blouse. Imagine her horror when today she took it out to wear to a special occasion only to find that some insect had eaten holes in it. They look very like moth holes, but I thought that moths only attacked wool. Perhaps it was fishmoths that did the damage. Any ideas anyone?

anon52800
Post 36

i want to purchase a 100 percent viscose garment. what can i do?

anon50106
Post 35

I bought a beautiful blouse made of 100 percent viscose. After wearing it several times, I washed it in a washing machine with a gentle cycle, as it said "40" in a backet. It has lost the beautiful sheen and shrunk and got creasy! Have I lost the beautiful blouse for good?

anon49599
Post 34

I own many many pieces of garments, scarves and the works made of 100 percent viscose and they do not wrinkle and are luxurious and beautiful and do not smell. perhaps your garments are made in China at cheap factories where they use chemical sprays for God alone knows what reason. All my viscose is in the line of pants, tops, sweaters, scarves, gloves, hats, panties, slips, nighties and are all luxurious and beautiful and soft, breathes beautifully and are just lovely.

anon41241
Post 33

I am contemplating a purchase of a dress made of 100% viscose. Now I don't know what to do.

anon39396
Post 32

I purchased some sweater jackest made of 100 percent viscose. They have an odor of rubber or burnt plastic. I tried washing and soaking them and they still smell. What can I do?

anon38126
Post 31

What about corn viscose. Is it the same except made out of corn?

subamimpex
Post 30

I would like to purchase non-woven fabrics made of 10% polyester and 90% cellulose. Is it similar to 10% polyester and 90% viscose.

ats
Post 28

would a sofa made of 75% viscose and 25% polyester be an acceptable make up to provide a reasonably hard wearing unit.

muthu
Post 26

if we make the viscose wet,its strength decreases.but in cotton,strength increases why?????

muthu
Post 24

if we make the viscose wet,its strength decreases.but in cotton,strength increases

anon35587
Post 21

after reading the above i can conclude viscose is a synthetic material. is that true?

anon35107
Post 20

Can a blouse made of 100% viscose be hand washed? My label says dry clean only.

Moderator's reply: You might also find this article, What is the Difference Between Dry Clean and Dry Clean Only Clothing?, helpful.

anon30775
Post 19

I just picked up a pair of dry-clean only pants that are 56% viscose. I love them - they are stretchy and comfortable. Hopefully, they withstand the test of time.

matt101
Post 18

what are the symptoms if you are allergic to viscose?

anon20598
Post 17

i would like to know if this material is really stretchable...i want to purchase a dress online, and i am a size large but they only have medium available... i was thinking of purchasing the dress it is made of 95% vicose and %5 spandex ??? Please Help !!!

anon20021
Post 16

Does viscose have properties of retaining heat like wool such as pashmina does? Is viscose considered an acrylic since it does not seem to be a natural fabric? Thanks!

anon17731
Post 15

Is viscose when used in underpants as breathable as cotton, safe for women who are sensitive?

anon17011
Post 14

I have some place mats that are 45% cotton and 55% viscose. What is the proper care of these. Can they be laundered in cold water? -Lillian

anon16289
Post 13

I am considering reupholstering a sofa & love seat with a fabric content of 62% viscose and 32% polyester, or a fabric of 100% polyester. Which would be more durable? I have a cat with back claws, who likes to lounge on the back cushions!

mdt
Post 11

Probably not. There is a world of difference between towels that can be laundered with ease after each use and upholstery. Just be sure to follow the laundering instructions and see how they do. If you happen to think about it, let us know how well the towels hold up after a month of two of use.

anon13706
Post 10

I just purchased some towels that are labeled "80% Viscose (Bamboo) and 20% cotton". Did I make a mistake???

anon11996
Post 9

i am a professional upholstery cleaner, and if you are looking for something to look good and last do not use cotton, linen, or silk. they cannot be cleaned aggressively on a sofa, and discolor easily, with body oils and moisture can cause cellulosic browning and water stains. my 2 cents

mdt
Post 8

Personally, I would be somewhat leery of an upholstered piece that contained that much viscose in the mix. My objection would be that sofas tend to see a lot of use over time and I tend to agree with your friend that it will not wear well over time.

Now, if you were talking about a slipcover for seasonal use on a sofa, that might be worth a try. But for permanent upholstery, I personally would go with olefin fiber as my choice for an artificial matrerial. But that is mainly because I use to work with the stuff and know how well it holds up under normal usage.

anon10162
Post 7

I am looking at a lovely sofa which I would like to buy, but the label on the cover reads 67% viscose, 16% cotton, 15% linen & 2% silk. My friend who is in the rag trade tells me that it will bobble with that high a percentage of viscose. I really don't like the feel of anything synthetic, and would like your advice on the suitability of this fabric covering a large area like a sofa. Thank you.

mdt
Post 6

Some manufacturers indicate that hand washing or dry cleaning is the best approach. This is true with blends such as rayon and viscose. You may find that hand washing and dry cleaning is also more practical since textiles made with viscose tend to wrinkle more easily than some other fabrics.

As to use as upholstery - well, I would consider using it for the seat of a hard backed chair that saw only occasional use, but not for a chair or sofa that I would use often, even if it were combined with another durable material like polyester or rayon. I would be more comfortable with textiles like drapery panels, tablecloths, or napkins that were made with a viscose blend.

anon10099
Post 5

can clothes with viscose fabric be washed or must it be dry cleaned.

anon10031
Post 4

Is upholstery made out of viscose durable? Or combination of viscose and polyester, is it durable?

mdt
Post 3

Like any material, the quality of products made from vicose will vary somewhat depending on the production process. But in general, vicose can turn out a good quality product. Cleaning is usually simple. As to rugs made with viscose, there may be some throw rugs made with this product. You can expect them to wear similar to a rug made with cotton or plain rayon blends.

anon9010
Post 2

Are floor rugs made from VISCOSE durable??? how about static and ease of cleaning?

anon5125
Post 1

Is viscose good quality, why or why not?

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